November 27, 2019
Durable goods orders rose 0.6% inn October after having fallen fell 1.4% in September. As always this is a very volatile series. Over the course of the past year durable goods orders have fallen 0.7%. Clearly, trade is taking a toll on the manufacturing sector. That said, our sense is that orders have leveled off.
In most months transportation orders are the biggest category contributing to that month’s change — both to the upside and downside. That was the case in October as transportation orders rose 0.7%. This means that orders for durables ex transportation rose 0.6% in October after having fallen fell 0.4% in September. These orders rose steadily at rates generally between 7.0-9.0% (red line) for most of last year, but have slipped in recent months to a year-over-year decline currently of 0.3%. Higher tariffs are clearly taking a toll on the factory sector. Having said all of that the worst may be over. This series has been largely unchanged for the past six months or so..
Economists are also interested in capital goods orders so we can get some sort of a handle on the investment spending portion of GDP. But even capital goods orders can get blown around from one month to the next if there is a huge defense order or if there is a big airline order. Orders will rise very sharply one month, only to decline almost as sharply in the subsequent month. Thus, the focus is typically on non-defense capital goods orders ex air. These orders fell 0.5% in October after having declined 0.6% in September. Over the course of the past year such orders have fallen 0.8%
.The backlog of orders rose 0.1% in October after having been unchanged in September. In the past year the backlog has fallen 1.6%. This means that manufacturers were filling orders at a faster pace than orders were coming in so the backlog declined.
.We think that the manufacturing sector is basically flat as export orders have plunged.