January 15, 2021
When extreme measures to combat the spread of the corona virus were put into place in mid-March and the economy fell off a cliff, the Federal government implemented a $3.0 trillion fiscal stimulus package to help stem the slide. At the same time the Fed increased the size of its portfolio by $3.0 trillion to $7.0 trillion. Thus, the true amount of stimulus was $6.0 trillion — $3.0 trillion from the government and $3.0 trillion from the Fed. Of the $3.0 trillion increase in the Fed’s portfolio it purchased roughly $1.6 trillion of U.S. government securities, $0.5 trillion of mortgages, and the remaining $0.9 trillion was in in a variety of other types of credit including repurchase agreements, loans to money market mutual funds for liquidity, loans to small businesses (paycheck protection program), loans to medium-sized businesses, and loans to state and local governments.
The Fed has been purchasing about $80 billion of Treasury securities and $40 billion of mortgage-backed securities every week since and it has no intention of slowing those purchases any time soon. the composition of the Fed’s portfolio looks like this: